Les Écossais - The Pioneer
Scots of Lower Canada, 1763-1855.
Price: $26.95 CAD | $21.95 USD
This is the first fully documented
account, produced in modern times, of the migration of Scots to Lower Canada.
Scots were in the forefront of the early influx of British settlers, which began
in the late eighteenth century. John Nairne and Malcolm Fraser were two of the
first Highlanders to make their mark on the province, arriving at La Malbaie
soon after the Treaty of Paris in 1763. By the early 1800s many Scottish
settlements had been formed along the north side of the Ottawa River, in the
Chateauguay Valley to the southwest of Montreal, and in the Gaspé region. Then,
as economic conditions in the Highlands and Islands deteriorated by the late
1820s, large numbers of Hebridean crofters settled in the Eastern Townships. The
first group came from Arran and the later arrivals from Lewis.
Les Écossais were proud of their Scottish traditions and customs, those living
reminders of the old country which had been left behind. In the end they became
assimilated into Quebec's French-speaking society, but along the way they had a
huge impact on the province's early development. How were les Écossais regarded
by their French neighbours? Were they successful pioneers? In her book, Lucille
H. Campey assesses their impact as she unravels their story. Drawing from a wide
range of fascinating sources, she considers the process of settlement and the
harsh realities of life in the New World. She explains how Quebec province came
to acquire its distinctive Scottish communities and offers new insights on their
experiences and achievements.
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